The Spanish military was long in charge of the breeding of horses in Spain. The Yeguada Militar Stud was established to improve the local Spanish horse population with Arabian horses. Arabians were then imported from the Middle East, France, and Poland. In 1908, the decision was made to create a purebred Arabian herd in Spain. They gathered a wonderful selection of Arabians from their breeding stock to grow the bloodlines. Today, all Spanish Arabians are descended from Spanish Stud Book bloodlines. Spanish Arabians are known for their athleticism, sturdy build, and good disposition. They were bred for a smooth and became a popular sport horse.